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Conformal Methods in General Relativity
Author: Juan A. Valiente Kroon
Publisher: Cambridge University Press
ISBN: 1316688070
Year: 2016-07-21
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This book offers a systematic exposition of conformal methods and how they can be used to study the global properties of solutions to the equations of Einstein's theory of gravity. It shows that combining these ideas with differential geometry can elucidate the existence and stability of the basic solutions of the theory. Introducing the differential geometric, spinorial and PDE background required to gain a deep understanding of conformal methods, this text provides an accessible account of key results in mathematical relativity over the last thirty years, including the stability of de Sitter and Minkowski spacetimes. For graduate students and researchers, this self-contained account includes useful visual models to help the reader grasp abstract concepts and a list of further reading, making this the perfect reference companion on the topic.
Conformal Methods in General Relativity
Author: Juan Valiente Kroon
Publisher: Cambridge University Press
ISBN: 1107033896
Pages: 622
Year: 2016-07-30
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A systematic and self-contained account, which adopts a geometric approach to study the solutions of Einstein's theory of gravity.
Advanced General Relativity
Author: John Stewart
Publisher: Cambridge University Press
ISBN: 0521449464
Pages: 228
Year: 1993-11-26
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A self-contained introduction to advanced general relativity.
The General Theory of Relativity
Author: Anadijiban Das, Andrew DeBenedictis
Publisher: Springer Science & Business Media
ISBN: 1461436583
Pages: 678
Year: 2012-06-26
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The General Theory of Relativity: A Mathematical Exposition will serve readers as a modern mathematical introduction to the general theory of relativity. Throughout the book, examples, worked-out problems, and exercises (with hints and solutions) are furnished. Topics in this book include, but are not limited to: tensor analysis the special theory of relativity the general theory of relativity and Einstein’s field equations spherically symmetric solutions and experimental confirmations static and stationary space-time domains black holes cosmological models algebraic classifications and the Newman-Penrose equations the coupled Einstein-Maxwell-Klein-Gordon equations appendices covering mathematical supplements and special topics Mathematical rigor, yet very clear presentation of the topics make this book a unique text for both university students and research scholars. Anadijiban Das has taught courses on Relativity Theory at The University College of Dublin, Ireland, Jadavpur University, India, Carnegie-Mellon University, USA, and Simon Fraser University, Canada. His major areas of research include, among diverse topics, the mathematical aspects of general relativity theory. Andrew DeBenedictis has taught courses in Theoretical Physics at Simon Fraser University, Canada, and is also a member of The Pacific Institute for the Mathematical Sciences. His research interests include quantum gravity, classical gravity, and semi-classical gravity.
Conformal Field Theory
Author: Sergei V Ketov
Publisher: World Scientific
ISBN: 9814502529
Pages: 500
Year: 1995-02-28
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Conformal field theory is an elegant and powerful theory in the field of high energy physics and statistics. In fact, it can be said to be one of the greatest achievements in the development of this field. Presented in two dimensions, this book is designed for students who already have a basic knowledge of quantum mechanics, field theory and general relativity. The main idea used throughout the book is that conformal symmetry causes both classical and quantum integrability. Instead of concentrating on the numerous applications of the theory, the author puts forward a discussion of the general methods of conformal field theory as a physical theory. Hence the book provides in a self-contained way the necessary knowledge and “conformal” intuition which underline the various applications of conformal field theory. It is aimed to assist students and professionals in the study of the theory from its first principles and in applying the methods in their own research. The first of its kind, this book promises to give a detailed and comprehensive insight into the workings of conformal field theory. Contents: Conformal Symmetry and FieldsRepresentations of the Virasoro AlgebraPartition Functions and BosonizationAKM Algebras and WZNW TheoriesSuperconformal and Super-AKM SymmetriesCoset ModelsW AlgebrasConformal Field Theory and Strings2d Gravity, and Topological TheoriesCFT and Matrix ModelsCFT and Integrable ModelsComments Readership: Students and professionals in high energy physics, statistical mechanics and condensed matter physics. keywords:Field Theory;Conformal Symmetry;Quantization;Supersymmetry;Strings;Matrix Models;Integrability
Techniques of Differential Topology in Relativity
Author: Roger Penrose
Publisher: SIAM
ISBN: 1611970601
Pages: 72
Year: 1972-01-01
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Acquaints the specialist in relativity theory with some global techniques for the treatment of space-times and will provide the pure mathematician with a way into the subject of general relativity.
Asymptotic Analysis in General Relativity
Author: Thierry Daudé, Dietrich Häfner, Jean-Philippe Nicolas
Publisher: Cambridge University Press
ISBN: 1316649407
Year: 2018-01-11
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Introduction to modern methods for classical and quantum fields in general relativity / Thierry Daudé, Dietrich Häfner, and Jean-Philippe Nicolas -- Geometry of black hole spacetimes / Lars Andersson, Thomas B. Ackdahl, and Pieter Blue -- An introduction to Quantum Field Theory on curved space-times / Christian Gerard -- A minicourse on microlocal analysis for wave propagation / Andras Vasy -- An introduction to conformal geometry and tractor calculus, with a view to applications in general relativity / Sean N. Curry and A. Rod Gover
Numerical Relativity
Author: Thomas W. Baumgarte, Stuart L. Shapiro
Publisher: Cambridge University Press
ISBN: 1139643177
Year: 2010-06-24
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Aimed at students and researchers entering the field, this pedagogical introduction to numerical relativity will also interest scientists seeking a broad survey of its challenges and achievements. Assuming only a basic knowledge of classical general relativity, the book develops the mathematical formalism from first principles, and then highlights some of the pioneering simulations involving black holes and neutron stars, gravitational collapse and gravitational waves. The book contains 300 exercises to help readers master new material as it is presented. Numerous illustrations, many in color, assist in visualizing new geometric concepts and highlighting the results of computer simulations. Summary boxes encapsulate some of the most important results for quick reference. Applications covered include calculations of coalescing binary black holes and binary neutron stars, rotating stars, colliding star clusters, gravitational and magnetorotational collapse, critical phenomena, the generation of gravitational waves, and other topics of current physical and astrophysical significance.
Exact Space-Times in Einstein's General Relativity
Author: Jerry B. Griffiths, Jiří Podolský
Publisher: Cambridge University Press
ISBN: 1139481169
Year: 2009-10-15
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Einstein's theory of general relativity is a theory of gravity and, as in the earlier Newtonian theory, much can be learnt about the character of gravitation and its effects by investigating particular idealised examples. This book describes the basic solutions of Einstein's equations with a particular emphasis on what they mean, both geometrically and physically. Concepts such as big bang and big crunch-types of singularities, different kinds of horizons and gravitational waves, are described in the context of the particular space-times in which they naturally arise. These notions are initially introduced using the most simple and symmetric cases. Various important coordinate forms of each solution are presented, thus enabling the global structure of the corresponding space-time and its other properties to be analysed. The book is an invaluable resource both for graduate students and academic researchers working in gravitational physics.
Numerical Relativity
Author: Masaru Shibata
Publisher: World Scientific
ISBN: 9814699748
Pages: 844
Year: 2015-11-05
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' This book is composed of two parts: First part describes basics in numerical relativity, that is, the formulations and methods for a solution of Einstein''s equation and general relativistic matter field equations. This part will be helpful for beginners of numerical relativity who would like to understand the content of numerical relativity and its background. The second part focuses on the application of numerical relativity. A wide variety of scientific numerical results are introduced focusing in particular on the merger of binary neutron stars and black holes. Contents:Preliminaries for Numerical RelativityMethodology:Formulation for Initial-Value Problems of General RelativityNumerical Methods for a Solution of Einstein''s Evolution EquationMatter Equations in General RelativityFormulations for Initial Data, Equilibrium, and Quasi-EquilibriumExtracting Gravitational WavesFinding Black HolesApplications:Coalescence of Binary Compact ObjectsGravitational Collapse to a Black HoleNon-Radial Instability and Magnetohydrodynamics InstabilityHigher-Dimensional SimulationsConclusionAppendices:Killing Vector and Frobenius'' TheoremNumerical Relativity in Spherical SymmetryDecomposition by Spherical HarmonicsLagrangian and Hamiltonian Formulations of General RelativitySolutions of Riemann Problems in Special Relativistic HydrodynamicsLandau–Lifshitz Pseudo TensorLaws of Black Hole and Apparent HorizonPost–Newtonian Results for Coalescing Compact Binaries Readership: This book is suitable for advanced ungraduate students, postgraduate students and researchers who are interested in numerical relativity. Keywords:Numerical Relativity;Black Hole;Neutron Star;Gravitational Waves'
The Large Scale Structure of Space-Time
Author: S. W. Hawking, G. F. R. Ellis
Publisher: Cambridge University Press
ISBN: 1139810952
Year: 1975-02-27
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Einstein's General Theory of Relativity leads to two remarkable predictions: first, that the ultimate destiny of many massive stars is to undergo gravitational collapse and to disappear from view, leaving behind a 'black hole' in space; and secondly, that there will exist singularities in space-time itself. These singularities are places where space-time begins or ends, and the presently known laws of physics break down. They will occur inside black holes, and in the past are what might be construed as the beginning of the universe. To show how these predictions arise, the authors discuss the General Theory of Relativity in the large. Starting with a precise formulation of the theory and an account of the necessary background of differential geometry, the significance of space-time curvature is discussed and the global properties of a number of exact solutions of Einstein's field equations are examined. The theory of the causal structure of a general space-time is developed, and is used to study black holes and to prove a number of theorems establishing the inevitability of singualarities under certain conditions. A discussion of the Cauchy problem for General Relativity is also included in this 1973 book.
3+1 Formalism in General Relativity
Author: Éric Gourgoulhon
Publisher: Springer
ISBN: 3642245250
Pages: 294
Year: 2012-02-27
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This graduate-level, course-based text is devoted to the 3+1 formalism of general relativity, which also constitutes the theoretical foundations of numerical relativity. The book starts by establishing the mathematical background (differential geometry, hypersurfaces embedded in space-time, foliation of space-time by a family of space-like hypersurfaces), and then turns to the 3+1 decomposition of the Einstein equations, giving rise to the Cauchy problem with constraints, which constitutes the core of 3+1 formalism. The ADM Hamiltonian formulation of general relativity is also introduced at this stage. Finally, the decomposition of the matter and electromagnetic field equations is presented, focusing on the astrophysically relevant cases of a perfect fluid and a perfect conductor (ideal magnetohydrodynamics). The second part of the book introduces more advanced topics: the conformal transformation of the 3-metric on each hypersurface and the corresponding rewriting of the 3+1 Einstein equations, the Isenberg-Wilson-Mathews approximation to general relativity, global quantities associated with asymptotic flatness (ADM mass, linear and angular momentum) and with symmetries (Komar mass and angular momentum). In the last part, the initial data problem is studied, the choice of spacetime coordinates within the 3+1 framework is discussed and various schemes for the time integration of the 3+1 Einstein equations are reviewed. The prerequisites are those of a basic general relativity course with calculations and derivations presented in detail, making this text complete and self-contained. Numerical techniques are not covered in this book.
Spacetime and Singularities
Author: Gregory L. Naber
Publisher: Cambridge University Press
ISBN: 0521336120
Pages: 178
Year: 1988
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Naber provides an elementary introduction to the geometrical methods and notions used in special and general relativity. Particular emphasis is placed on the ideas concerned with the structure of space-time and that play a role in the Penrose-Hawking singularity theorems. The author's primary purpose is to give a rigorous proof of the simplest of these theorems, by the one that is representative of the whole. He provides exercises and examples at the end of each chapter. No previous exposure either to relativity theory of differential geometry is required of the reader, as necessary concepts are developed when needed, though some restrictions ae imposed on the types of space considered.
Introduction to 3+1 Numerical Relativity
Author: Miguel Alcubierre
Publisher: Oxford University Press
ISBN: 0199205671
Pages: 444
Year: 2008-04-10
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This book is a self-contained introduction to the field of numerical relativity. Starting from basic general relativity, it introduces all the concepts and tools necessary for the fully relativistic simulation of astrophysical systems with strong and dynamical gravitational fields.
Differential Geometry and Relativity
Author: M. Cahen, M. Flato
Publisher: Springer Science & Business Media
ISBN: 9401015082
Pages: 320
Year: 2012-12-06
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On the occasion of the sixtieth birthday of Andre Lichnerowicz a number of his friends, many of whom have been his students or coworkers, decided to celebrate this event by preparing a jubilee volume of contributed articles in the two main fields of research marked by Lichnerowicz's work, namely differential geometry and mathematical physics. Limitations of space and time did not enable us to include papers from all Lichnerowicz's friends nor from all his former students. It was equally impossible to reflect in a single book the great variety of subjects tackled by Lichnerowicz. In spite of these limitations, we hope that this book reflects some of the present trends of fields in which he worked, and some of the subjects to which he contributed in his long - and not yet finished - career. This career was very much marked by the influence of his masters, Elie Cartan who introduced him to research in mathematics, mainly in geometry and its relations with mathematical physics, and Georges Darmois who developed his interest for mechanics and physics, especially the theory of relativity and electromagnetism. This par ticular combination, and his personal talent, made of him a natural scientific heir and continuator of the French mathematical physics school in the tradition of Henri Poincare. Some of his works would even be best qualified by a new field name, that of physical ma thematics: branches of pure mathematics entirely motivated by physics.