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Death of the Wehrmacht
Author: Robert Michael Citino
Pages: 431
Year: 2007
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For Hitler and the German military, 1942 was a key turning point of World War II, as an overstretched but still lethal Wehrmacht replaced brilliant victories and huge territorial gains with stalemates and strategic retreats. In this major reevaluation of that crucial year, Robert Citino shows that the German army's emerging woes were rooted as much in its addiction to the "war of movement"—attempts to smash the enemy in "short and lively" campaigns—as they were in Hitler's deeply flawed management of the war. From the overwhelming operational victories at Kerch and Kharkov in May to the catastrophic defeats at El Alamein and Stalingrad, Death of the Wehrmacht offers an eye-opening new view of that decisive year. Building upon his widely respected critique in The German Way of War, Citino shows how the campaigns of 1942 fit within the centuries-old patterns of Prussian/German warmaking and ultimately doomed Hitler's expansionist ambitions. He examines every major campaign and battle in the Russian and North African theaters throughout the year to assess how a military geared to quick and decisive victories coped when the tide turned against it. Citino also reconstructs the German generals' view of the war and illuminates the multiple contingencies that might have produced more favorable results. In addition, he cites the fatal extreme aggressiveness of German commanders like Erwin Rommel and assesses how the German system of command and its commitment to the "independence of subordinate commanders" suffered under the thumb of Hitler and chief of staff General Franz Halder. More than the turning point of a war, 1942 marked the death of a very old and traditional pattern of warmaking, with the classic "German way of war" unable to meet the challenges of the twentieth century. Blending masterly research with a gripping narrative, Citino's remarkable work provides a fresh and revealing look at how one of history's most powerful armies began to founder in its quest for world domination.
The Wehrmacht
Author: Wolfram WETTE
Publisher: Harvard University Press
ISBN: 0674045114
Pages: 396
Year: 2009-06-30
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This book is a profound reexamination of the role of the German army, the Wehrmacht, in World War II. Until very recently, the standard story avowed that the ordinary German soldier in World War II was a good soldier, distinct from Hitler's rapacious SS troops, and not an accomplice to the massacres of civilians. Wolfram Wette, a preeminent German military historian, explodes the myth of a "clean" Wehrmacht with devastating clarity. This book reveals the Wehrmacht's long-standing prejudices against Jews, Slavs, and Bolsheviks, beliefs that predated the prophecies of "Mein Kampf" and the paranoia of National Socialism. Though the sixteen-million-member German army is often portrayed as a victim of Nazi mania, we come to see that from 1941 to 1944 these soldiers were thoroughly involved in the horrific cleansing of Russia and Eastern Europe. Wette compellingly documents Germany's long-term preparation of its army for a race war deemed necessary to safeguard the country's future; World War II was merely the fulfillment of these plans, on a previously unimaginable scale. This sober indictment of millions of German soldiers reaches beyond the Wehrmacht's complicity to examine how German academics and ordinary citizens avoided confronting this difficult truth at war's end. Wette shows how atrocities against Jews and others were concealed and sanitized, and history rewritten. Only recently has the German public undertaken a reevaluation of this respected national institution--a painful but necessary process if we are to truly comprehend how the Holocaust was carried out and how we have come to understand it.
Marching into Darkness
Author: Waitman Wade Beorn
Publisher: Harvard University Press
ISBN: 067472660X
Pages: 333
Year: 2014-01-06
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On October 10, 1941, the Jewish population of the Belarusian village of Krucha was rounded up and shot. This atrocity was not the routine work of the SS but was committed by a regular German army unit acting on its own initiative. Marching into Darkness is a bone-chilling exposé of the ordinary footsoldiers who participated in the Final Solution on a daily basis. Although scholars have exploded the myth that the Wehrmacht played no significant part in the Holocaust, a concrete picture of its involvement has been lacking. Marching into Darkness reveals in detail how the army willingly fulfilled its role as an agent of murder on a massive scale. Waitman Wade Beorn unearths forced labor, sexual violence, and grave robbing, though a few soldiers refused to participate and even helped Jews. Improvised extermination progressively became methodical, with some army units going so far as to organize "Jew hunts." The Wehrmacht also used the pretense of Jewish anti-partisan warfare as a subterfuge by reporting murdered Jews as partisans. Through military and legal records, survivor testimonies, and eyewitness interviews, Beorn paints a searing portrait of an army's descent into ever more intimate participation in genocide.
The Red Army and the Wehrmacht
Author: I︠U︡riĭ Leontʹevich Dʹi︠a︡kov
Pages: 348
Year: 1995
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The rise of the Third Reich was one of history's most terrifying events. Reduced to rubble following World War I, Germany was literally in shambles and stripped of her army. Yet, less than twenty years later, the Wehrmacht was the symbol of German military might. How could Germany arm so fast and without detection? This book details the revival of the German armed forces and the assistance given to them by the Soviet Union. The authors reveal the contents of uncovered secret documents that prove that German forces trained and built new equipment, including tanks and airplanes, in a shroud of secrecy on Russian soil. The authors demonstrate how the foundation of Hitler's army was really put together by Lenin, Trotsky, and Stalin. A coverup that has lasted for more than sixty years, The Red Army and the Wehrmacht unravels the details of an unspoken alliance that changed the course of world history and remained a secret until now. The authors contend that had it not been for Soviet aid, Hitler's military build-up would not have been possible and World War II may have been prevented.
The Wehrmacht's Last Stand
Author: Robert M. Citino
Publisher: Modern War Studies (Hardcover)
ISBN: 0700624945
Pages: 615
Year: 2017
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The Wehrmacht's Last Stand is a gripping account of German military campaigns during the final phase of World War II, paying close attention to the officers who planned and led them.
The Unknown Eastern Front
Author: Rolf-Dieter Müller
Publisher: I.B.Tauris
ISBN: 1780768907
Pages: 320
Year: 2014-02-28
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When Hitler launched Operation Barbarossa with his attack on the Soviet Union in June 1941, the Wehrmacht deployed 600,000 troops to the Eastern Front. Their numbers were later swelled by a range of foreign volunteers so that, at the height of World War II, astonishingly one in three men fighting for the Germans in the East was not a native German. For the first time, this book tells the story of these men. Vilified by Hitler for their supposed failures, condemned and forgotten by their homelands for treason and collaboration, their involvement in the war has been largely ignored or swept aside by historians. Rolf-Dieter Muller here offers a fascinating new perspective on a little-known aspect of World War II.
The Wehrmacht
Author: Tim Ripley
Publisher: Routledge
ISBN: 1135970343
Pages: 352
Year: 2014-01-27
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To see the foreword, the introduction, a generous selection of sample pages, and more, visit the website The Wehrmacht website. In this unique volume, expert Tim Ripley introduces the reader to the world of the German army, covering in detail concepts such as mobile defense and the formidable Blitzkrieg, and explains why the Wehrmacht was able to fight so long, with such fearsome effectiveness. Also includes 180 color and black and white maps and illustrations.
The Rise of the Wehrmacht
Author: Samuel W. Mitcham
Publisher: ABC-CLIO
ISBN: 0275996417
Pages: 370
Year: 2008
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Sex Crimes Under the Wehrmacht
Author: David Raub Snyder, Scott C. Patchan
Publisher: U of Nebraska Press
ISBN: 0803207425
Pages: 409
Year: 2007
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Jubal A. Early's disastrous battles in the Shenandoah Valley ultimately resulted in his ignominious dismissal. But Early's lesser-known summer campaign of 1864, between his raid on Washington and Phil Sheridan's renowned fall campaign, had a significant impact on the political and military landscape of the time.
The Indoctrination of the Wehrmacht
Author: Bryce Sait
Publisher: Berghahn Books
ISBN: 1789201500
Pages: 230
Year: 2019-02-01
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Far from the image of an apolitical, “clean” Wehrmacht that persists in popular memory, German soldiers regularly cooperated with organizations like the SS in the abuse and murder of countless individuals during the Second World War. This in-depth study demonstrates that a key factor in the criminalization of the Wehrmacht was the intense political indoctrination imposed on its members. At the instigation of senior leadership, many ordinary German soldiers and officers became ideological warriors who viewed their enemies in racial and political terms—a project that was but one piece of the broader effort to socialize young men during the Nazi era.
Hitler's Commanders
Publisher: Rowman & Littlefield
ISBN: 1442211520
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The Wehrmacht Retreats
Author: Robert Michael Citino
ISBN: 0700618260
Pages: 410
Year: 2012
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Details the reasons behind the German Army decisions and actions during the turning-point year of 1943, after which World War II turned to the Allied forces' favor.
The Wehrmacht In Russia
Publisher: Coda Books Ltd
ISBN: 1906783497
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On June 22nd 1941 three huge German Army Groups launched a surprise attack on Soviet Russia. The most barbaric and brutal struggle in history was about to be played out to the death. History is always written by the victors, but this is the other side of the coin. here is the German experience of the war in Russia, a powerful study of that titanic conflict as seen through the eyes of and told in the words of the men who fought and died for Hitler. Included in this volume are extensive extracts from post-war debriefings of captured German officers concerning the experience of combat on the ground. Also featured are detailed accounts of the attempts to extricate surrounded German forces from the pockets of Klin, Velikiye Luki, Cherkassy and Kamenets-Podolskiy. Richly illustrated with dozens of photographs and maps, this unique account of the war in the east produces a comprehensive picture of the most titanic campaign in military history from the tactical, operational and strategic view. Written by Emmy award winning author Bob Carruthers this is the definitive single volume history of the Wehrmacht on campaign.
Hitler's Wehrmacht, 1935--1945
Author: Rolf-Dieter Müller
Publisher: University Press of Kentucky
ISBN: 0813168058
Pages: 248
Year: 2016-08-15
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Since the end of World War II, Germans have struggled with the legacy of the Wehrmacht -- the unified armed forces mobilized by Adolf Hitler in 1935 to ensure the domination of the Third Reich in perpetuity. Historians have vigorously debated whether the Wehrmacht's atrocities represented a break with the past or a continuation of Germany's military traditions. Now available for the first time in English, this meticulously researched yet accessible overview by eminent historian Rolf-Dieter Müller provides the most comprehensive analysis of the organization to date, illuminating its role in a complex, horrific era. Müller examines the Wehrmacht's leadership principles, organization, equipment, and training, as well as the front-line experiences of soldiers, airmen, Waffen SS, foreign legionnaires, and volunteers. He skillfully demonstrates how state-directed propaganda and terror influenced the extent to which the militarized Volksgemeinschaft (national community) was transformed under the pressure of total mobilization. Finally, he evaluates the army's conduct of the war, from blitzkrieg to the final surrender and charges of war crimes. Brief acts of resistance, such as an officers' "rebellion of conscience" in July 1944, embody the repressed, principled humanity of Germany's soldiers, but ultimately, Müller concludes, the Wehrmacht became the "steel guarantor" of the criminal Nazi regime.
The Wehrmacht
Author: Bob Carruthers, Simon Trew
Publisher: Andre Deutsch Limited
ISBN: 0233002952
Pages: 270
Year: 2010
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Tells the story of the Second World War as told by survivors of Germany's armed forces. This title presents a record of the Third Reich's rise and fall from the inside of how those responsible for the maelstrom sent their armies to conquer only to see them crushed as the world united against them.